Introduction to Personal/Carers Leave in Australia

Parent checking temperature of child in preparation of carers leave

As we go through life, there will inevitably be times when we need to take a break from work to care for ourselves or our loved ones. This is where personal/carers leave comes in. In Australia, all employees have the right to take leave for personal/carer’s reasons, thanks to the National Employment Standards (NES). This blog post will provide an overview of personal/carer’s leave about Australian employment law. We’ll cover what the NES entails, eligibility criteria, entitlements for paid and unpaid leave, situations that may warrant such leave, evidence requirements, and comparison to compassionate leave. By the end of this post, you’ll have a comprehensive understanding of what personal/carer’s leave is in Australia.


Understanding the National Employment Standards for Carers Leave

The National Employment Standards (NES) are integral to Australian employment law, setting minimum standards for employee entitlements. Among these standards is the implementation of personal/carer’s leave. According to the NES, full-time and part-time employees are entitled to 10 days of paid personal/carer’s leave per year, accumulating progressively during a year of service. This leave can be used when an employee cannot work due to illness or injury or when they need to provide care or support to a member of their immediate family or household who is sick, injured, or experiences an emergency. This provision ensures that employees do not need to choose between their health or the well-being of their loved ones and maintaining their employment.


Eligibility and Entitlements for Paid Carers Leave

To be eligible for personal/carer’s leave in Australia, an individual must be a full-time or part-time employee. Casual employees are not entitled to paid personal/carer’s leave but can avail unpaid carer’s leave when necessary. Full-time employees are entitled to 10 days of paid personal/carer’s leave each year, accumulating from the first day of employment. The same entitlement applies to part-time employees but on a pro-rata basis, based on their work hours. These leaves can be taken in part or as a whole, and any untaken leave rolls over to the next year. This entitlement is a ‘protected’ attribute under the Fair Work Act, implying an employer cannot take adverse action against an employee for availing their personal/carer’s leave.


Carers Leave for Casual Employees

Although not entitled to paid personal/carers leave, casual employees in Australia are considered under the National Employment Standards (NES). Specifically, they are entitled to 2 days of unpaid carer’s leave for each permissible occasion when a member of their immediate family or household requires care or support due to illness, injury, or an emergency. This means that if an immediate family member falls ill, casual employees can take off work without fearing losing their jobs. The request for leave must be substantiated to the employer’s satisfaction, usually through a certificate.


Situations Warranting Carers Leave

Here are some common situations that warrant the use of carers to leave Australia:

  1. Illness: If an immediate family member or household member falls ill, an employee can use their carer’s leave to provide necessary care and support.
  2. Injury: In an accident where an immediate family member or household member is injured and needs care, an employee can avail carer’s leave.
  3. Medical Appointments: Attending the medical consultations or follow-ups of an immediate family member or person from the same household can be a valid reason to apply for a carer’s leave.
  4. Emergency Situations: If an emergency involves a close family member or a person from the same household, an employee can utilize their carer’s leave to manage the situation.

It’s important to note that the specific circumstances under which a carer’s leave can be taken may vary depending on the specifics of an employment agreement or any relevant industrial instrument.


Required Evidence for Taking Carers Leave

Carers leave requests should be substantiated with proper evidence. Employees must produce either a Certificate or a Statutory Declaration. A Certificate from a healthcare professional attests to the family member’s health condition necessitating the care. Alternatively, the employee may provide a Statutory Declaration. This is a formal statement made under the law affirming the necessity of the employee’s presence to provide care or support. It is important to note that the evidence must be genuine and accurate, as any false claims may result in disciplinary action. You can easily apply for an online personal or carers leave certificate from OnCare Health, saving you time and effort.


Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What constitutes a ‘family member’ for carers leave?
A: A ‘family member’ typically includes immediate family such as spouses, parents, children, grandparents, siblings, and in-laws. Check with your HR department for specifics, as definitions may vary.

Q: What happens if I exhaust my carers leave allocation?
A: Once your carers leave allocation is exhausted, you can use your annual or unpaid leave, subject to your employer’s policies.

Q: Are part-time or casual employees entitled to carers leave?
A: Yes, part-time and casual employees are typically entitled to pro-rata carers leave based on their work hours.

Q: Can I take carers leave for non-emergency medical appointments?
A: Yes, carers leave can typically be used for scheduled medical appointments for family members, but it’s best to confirm this with your employer.

Q: What happens if my employer requests evidence for my carers leave?
A: If your employer requests evidence, you must provide a Certificate. It is essential to ensure that the evidence is genuine and accurate to avoid disciplinary action. OnCare Health can assist you in obtaining a certificate. Simply go through our website and answer a simple questionnaire honestly to get your certificate quickly and conveniently.



Personal/carers leave is an important aspect of Australian employment law. It allows employees to take time off work to care for themselves or their loved ones in times of need. Eligibility criteria, entitlements, and different options for leave can vary based on employment status, and for full-time and part-time employees, personal/carers leave accrues over time. Knowing personal/carer’s leave entitlements can help employees make informed decisions about their work and personal life balance.


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